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Shawn Hughes wrote:

Hi, guys —

Was the Gospel of Matthew originally wrote in Aramaic?

A Protestant friend of mine was telling me that Peter "rock" means pebble in Greek, which he claims is the original translation.  He also said further proof can be found in Ephesians 2:20:

"And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone; "

I would love to have this clarified,



  { What was Matthew's Gospel written in and was Peter a Rock or little pebble? }

John replied:


Yes, Matthew was first written in Aramaic, but that's not the point. The point is Jesus would have spoken in Aramaic to Peter and that meant he would have used the word Cephas in both instances — meaning rock.

Secondly — Petros is simply the masculine form of the noun rock. Whereas, when referring to a Rock in Greek one says Petra because it is a feminine noun. It's just a quirk of the language. Greek, like many languages, doesn't use a lot of non-gender specific nouns. It's the same way in Italian or Spanish for that matter.

Piedra is Spanish for rock. Piedro is the masculine form. In Italian, we have Pietra and Pietro. That's why in the Greek Jesus calls Simon by the name Petros and not Petras. The rest of this nonsense about the nuanced meaning of the word is Protestant propaganda; besides Jesus would have spoken Hebrew or Aramaic and that meant he would have used the word Cephas in both instances and, in fact, in the Book of Galatians, St. Paul calls Peter, Cephas.


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