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Monica wrote:

Hi guys,

  • My husband stated that Jesus was a Jew, not a Catholic, so how did the Catholic Faith come into existence?
  • How was the Bible really made?

Monica

  { If Jesus was a Jew and not a Catholic, how did the Catholic Faith and Bible come into existence? }

John replied:

Hi Monica,

Jesus is indeed an ethnic Jew. He is of the line of David and the tribe of Judah. If you read the Old Testament, you will see that all the prophesies point to Him as Messiah. There are also many Old Testament prophesies that indicate that the Messiah would be a Light to non-Jews as well.

In Matthew 16:18, Jesus tells us that He will build His Church on Peter. Upon His Resurrection Christ commanded his Apostles to preach the Gospel to all nations. In the book of Acts, we see Peter bringing the Gospels to the Roman Centurion. Later in Acts, we see Saint Paul called and commissioned specifically to preach to non-Jews.

Now the Early Church was indeed predominantly made up of Jewish believers. They were considered a sect of Judaism. The first name for the Church was The Way. They were also often called the Nazarenes. In Antioch, believers in Jesus were first called Christians.

By the end of the first century or early second century, the term Catholic was adopted. That word comes from the Greek word Katolicos, which means universal. The reason for this name is that it distinguished the One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic Church from the various heretical sects that started popping up. In other words, to be Catholic is to be faithful to all the teachings of Christ as delivered by the Apostles. Check out the quote from St. Pacian of Barcelona, (c. 310-375 A.D.), bishop of Barcelona, on the home page of this site.

It is also important to note that the Judaism of Jesus' day has not existed since 70 A.D. when the Temple in Jerusalem was destroyed. The Judaism of Jesus' day included all the observations of the Old Covenant:

  • circumcision
  • animal sacrifice, and
  • so forth.

Jesus established a New Covenant with His Blood, therefore animals no longer have to shed their blood for man's sin. Jesus paid that debt in full with His Blood. Jesus replaced the Old Testament signs such as circumcision with sacraments such as Baptism. We don't need to slaughter a Lamb and eat it at Passover to renew our Covenant. Catholics renew the Covenant when we celebrate the Eucharist, which makes present His Sacrifice at Calvary.

As for the Bible, we accept the entire Old Testament as well the New Testament because it was inspired by the Holy Spirit and written during the Apostolic era by either the Apostles themselves or their companions. The New Testament also is consistent with the Oral Tradition which has been handed down from the Apostles.

Scripture teaches us that the Apostles left successors. The successor of Peter is the Bishop
of Rome who is commonly called the Pope. Since Christ chose Peter to be lead the Church,
His successors also lead the Church.

I hope this helps.

John DiMascio

Mike replied:

Hi Monica,

In addition to what my colleague John has said, I think these previous web postings will assist in answering the second part of your question.

  1. Is the Bible written by Catholics, for Catholics, for use in Catholic worship, the Holy Mass?
  2. Why is the Catholic Bible the only Bible that contains these additional books, the 'Apocrypha'?
  3. Are Catholics considered Christians?

Hope this helps,

Mike

Please report any and all typos or grammatical errors.
Suggestions for this web page and the web site can be sent to Mike Humphrey
© 2012 Panoramic Sites
The Early Church Fathers Church Fathers on the Primacy of Peter. The Early Church Fathers on the Catholic Church and the term Catholic. The Early Church Fathers on the importance of the Roman Catholic Church centered in Rome.